In screen-printing, a think paste like ink is used on top of a mesh stencil to transfer ink onto textiles. The textiles vary from cotton tablecloths and silk, to leather goods. The equipment involved in screen printing can vary by size, brand, and style. The basic process is called serigraphy. A “screen” is a fine mesh, involving synthetic fibers stretched across a frame. The screen covers the textile. A stencil is the applied to the screen. Once this happens ink is applied, and a squeegee is pulled across the stencil/screen and the image is then pressed on to the textile medium. Then the textile dries, is packaged, and sold for profit.
In the industrial phase, screen printing for mass production applies this same technique, but time is of the essence. Instead of air drying as in a small business, dryers are used to speed up the cooling process. Because the dryers create high heat and humidity, air compressors in conjunction with chillers are used to remove moisture. If the moisture is not removed, it creates mold, ruins ink, and warps the screens.